Linux kernel vendor specific hardware reset module for sequences that are too complex/complicated to land in pci_quirks.c
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Vendor Reset

The goal of this project is to provide a kernel module that is capable of resetting hardware devices into a state where they can be re-initialized or passed through into a virtual machine (VFIO). While it would be great to have these in the kernel as PCI quirks, some of the reset procedures are very complex and would never be accepted as a quirk (ie AMD Vega 10).

By providing this as an out of tree kernel module, vendors will be able to easily create pull requests to add functionality to this module, and users will be able to easily update this module without requiring a complete kernel rebuild.

Patching the kernel

TL;DR - No patching required.

This module has been written to use ftrace to hook pci_dev_specific_reset, allowing it to handle device resets directly without patching the running kernel. Simply modprobing the module is enough to enable the reset routines for all supported hardware.

Requirements

Ensure your kernel has the following options enabled:

CONFIG_FTRACE=y
CONFIG_KPROBES=y
CONFIG_PCI_QUIRKS=y
CONFIG_KALLSYMS=y
CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL=y
CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER=y

Installing

This module can be installed either using the standard make, make install pattern, or through dkms (recommended).

dkms install .

Usage

Either modprobe vendor-reset or add the device to the appropriate place to load it at system boot, such as /etc/modules (Debian). Consult your distribution's documentation as to the best way to perform this.

**NOTE: ** This module must be loaded EARLY, the default reset the kernel will try to perform completely breaks the GPU which this module can not recover from. Please consult your distributions documentation on how to do this, for most however it will be as simple as adding vendor-reset to /etc/modules and updating your initrd.

Supported Devices

Vendor Family Common Name(s)
AMD Polaris 10 RX 470, 480, 570, 580, 590
AMD Polaris 11 RX 460, 560
AMD Polaris 12 RX 540, 550
AMD Vega 10 Vega 56/64/FE
AMD Vega 20 Radeon VII
AMD Navi 10 5600XT, 5700, 5700XT
AMD Navi 12 Pro 5600M
AMD Navi 14 Pro 5300, RX 5300, 5500XT

Developing

If you are a vendor intending to add support for your device to this project please first consider two things:

  1. Can you fix your hardware/firmware to reset correctly using FLR or a BUS reset?
  2. Is the reset simple enough that it should really be a kernel pci quirk (see: kernel/drivers/pci/quirk.c)?

If you answer yes to either of these questions this project is not for you.